Cats are actually very sensitive creatures behind their self-sufficient, strong and magnificent lifestyles. For this reason, they are very vulnerable to diseases that may come to them from their environment. Fungi are one of these diseases. Although they look healthy, fungal disease in cats, which is experienced for many reasons, can turn into situations that bother the owners of our lovely friends. In this article, we wanted to prepare a guide for animal lovers who care about the health of their friends like you. Let’s examine the cat mushroom in every aspect.
Causes of Fungus in Cats
If you suspect your cat has a fungus, don’t worry first. Because this is one of the most common ailments in our lovely friends. However, for a correct treatment, it is important to go to the root of the disease and learn deeply.
To define it, fungal disease in cats is infections of the skin and fur, usually caused by three different types of fungi. We can exemplify these as Microsporum canis, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Microsporum gypseum. Fungal infection is more common when cats have a weakened immune system. These factors include stress, malnutrition, old age, the presence of another disease, or long-term medication use. Cats with weakened immune systems lose the ability to fight fungal organisms. Thus, the risk of infection increases. Also, dirty or damp environments can contribute to the spread of fungal infections. Fungal organisms tend to multiply, especially in humid and unhygienic areas. Therefore, it is important that your cats live in a hygienic environment and are cleaned regularly.
You may be interested in: Are Cat Fleas Passable to Humans?
Fungus Symptoms in Cats
Feline yeast infections can have many symptoms. Among the most common symptoms, we can cite the following items as an example.
- shedding of hair: Fungal infection in cats often leads to hair loss. If you notice abnormal shedding in your cat’s coat, it could be a sign of a fungal infection. Symptoms such as thinning of the feathers, rough or broken appearance, brown or black spots on the feathers should also be taken into account.
- skin lesions: Cats with fungal infections may have red, raised or scaly lesions on the skin. These lesions are often itchy, and cats will scratch constantly to relieve itching. Lesions are usually concentrated in the head and neck region, ears, feet and around the tail. Lesions may enlarge and crust over time. One or more of these symptoms are among the strongest signs of fungus in cats.
- flaking and dandruff: Skin flaking and dandruff is also a common symptom in cats with fungal infections. Dandruff, which is more prominent especially in long-haired cats, manifests itself as flaking in short-haired cats. There may also be cases where both are combined. The scaling of the skin can usually be white or yellowish in color and can also be prominently seen on the coat of the cat. If you notice these complaints in your cat, you may suspect a fungus.
In addition, some cats may experience symptoms such as redness, swelling and peeling of the skin on the face and ears due to a fungal infection. If your cat has an infection in his ears, he may also have a dark coating on the ears and a foul odor.
You may be interested in: Fip Disease in Cats
Fungus Treatment in Cats
Treatment of fungal infection in cats should be done by a veterinarian. The course of treatment may vary depending on the severity of the infection, the infected areas, and the general health of the cat. In general terms, we can exemplify the methods used in the treatment as follows:
antifungal drugs: Veterinarians often prescribe antifungal medications to treat cat fungus. These drugs help control the infection by killing the organisms. Oral (oral) antifungal drugs, topical (local) antifungal drugs used in the form of skin cream or spray can be preferred.
topical treatment: If the infection is localized, ie only in a specific area, your veterinarian may recommend topical treatment. This method of treatment involves applying a special cream, solution, or spray to areas of fungal infection. Topical treatment can stop the spread of the fungus and speed healing.
environmental cleaning: It is important to take environmental cleaning measures to control the fungal infection in cats and prevent its recurrence. Keeping your cat’s environment clean and regularly cleaning and disinfecting their bedding, toys, and other items can reduce the risk of fungal infections.
Your veterinarian will determine the appropriate treatment method after evaluating your cat. The treatment process can usually take several weeks or longer. In this process, it is important to ensure that your pet uses the medicines given by your veterinarian regularly and fully. You should also limit or avoid your cat’s contact with other pets. Because the fungal infection can easily be transmitted to other animals.
You may be interested: Summer Danger in Cats and Dogs: Kitty Grass
What are the Ways to Prevent Fungus?
You can follow the steps below to prevent cat yeast infection.
Cleaning and hygiene: Keeping your cat’s living space clean and hygienic is an important step in reducing the risk of infection. It is important to clean and disinfect the cat bed, grooming supplies and toys on a regular basis. You can also brush your cat’s fur regularly to prevent fungal spores from accumulating in the fur.
Nutrition: A healthy diet is important to strengthen the cat’s immune system and increase its resistance to infections. You should choose a quality cat food and feed your pet in accordance with your veterinarian’s recommendations. Following a balanced diet that meets all the nutrients your cat needs will support a healthy immune system. This is one of the most important factors reducing the risk of fungus in cats.
Routine veterinary checks: Taking your cat to the veterinarian regularly is of great importance for monitoring its general health and early diagnosis. Your veterinarian can advise you on vaccines and supplements to strengthen your cat’s immune system. It is also important to regularly check your cat’s skin and coat health and to consult a veterinarian immediately if there are any signs of abnormalities or infections.
Avoiding areas with fungus: Fungal infection in cats can commonly be found in soil, grass, or moist areas. You should keep your cat away from areas where this type of fungus is at risk. If you are walking your cat on the street, you should avoid areas that are at risk of fungal infection and should not walk your cat in these areas.
Fungal infection is a condition that can cause discomfort in cats, but with the right treatment and precautions, the infection can be controlled and its recurrence can be prevented. By taking into account the advice of your veterinarian, you can protect your cat’s health and offer him a happy and healthy life.